Vitamin B7- Biotin

Biotin is necessary for the formation of fatty acids and glucose, which are used as fuels by the body. Biotin also helps to break down amino acids and carbohydrates in the body.

Nutritionists categorize vitamins by the materials that a vitamin will dissolve in. There are two categories: water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins, which include the B-complex group and vitamin C, travel through the bloodstream. Whatever water-soluble vitamins are not used by the body are eliminated in urine, which means you need a continuous supply of them in your food. Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin.

How Much Biotin Is Enough?
There is no recommended daily allowance for biotin because biotin deficiencies are extremely rare. A normal daily biotin intake for teens and adults is 30 to 100 micrograms a day.

Sources of Biotin
* Cauliflower
* Carrots
* Bananas
* Cereals
* Yeast
* Romaine Lettuce

Can You Have Too Much or Too Little?
A lack of biotin in the body is rare, but certain skin conditions or genetic deficiencies may cause biotin deficiencies in infants. Biotin deficiency may cause skin rash, hair loss, high cholesterol levels and heart problems.

I have understand biotin helps to burns the foods and produce energy.But how it works? Will it works in blood cell or other? Can you please explain it.How many carbon molecule biotin possesses?

Hope this one might help :smiley:

Biotin is necessary for cell growth, the production of fatty acids, and the metabolism of fats and amino acids. It plays a role in the citric acid cycle, which is the process by which biochemical energy is generated during aerobic respiration. Biotin not only assists in various metabolic reactions but also helps to transfer carbon dioxide. Biotin may also be helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level. Biotin is often recommended for strengthening hair and nails. Consequently, it is found in many cosmetics and health products for the hair and skin, though it cannot be absorbed through the hair or skin itself.

Biotin deficiency is rare, because intestinal bacteria generally produce biotin in excess of the body’s daily requirements. For that reason, statutory agencies in many countries, for example the USA and Australia, do not prescribe a recommended daily intake of biotin. However, a number of metabolic disorders exist in which an individual’s metabolism of biotin is abnormal; in these disorders, megadoses of biotin, far higher than the average daily intake from food, can generally mitigate symptoms and correct the underlying metabolic disturbance.

How many carbon molecules?

Biotin has the chemical formula C10H16N2O3S1, so it contains 10 carbon atoms, 16 hydrogen atoms, two nitrogen atoms, three oxygen atoms and one sulfur atom for every one molecule of biotin.

These molecules are arranged in a bi-cyclic, or two-ring structure. One ring of biotin contains a ureido, or -N-CO-N- group, and the other ring contains a sulfur atom as part of the tetrahydrothiophene ring.

Biotin has three chiral carbons and can therefore exist in eight different stereoisomer forms; biotin, epibiotin in cis form, allobiotin, and epiallobiotin in trans form, in both D(+) and L(-) forms. Only the D-(+) biotin stereoisomer is physiologically active