Carob (Ceratonia siliqua)

Brown-black podded fruit containing a number of seeds, both of which can be ground up and used as a chocolate substitute.

Description: Medium sized tree from 30-50ft. The carob is subtropical, and actually grows best in Mediterranean climates.

Hardiness: Hardy to about 20F, and can easily withstand temperatures to 120F.

Growing Environment: Trees are very drought tolerant, and need little water throughout much of the year. Plants are often slow growing.

Propagation: By seeds.

Uses: Fruits are ground and used as a chocolate substitute in desserts, health foods, and number of other things.

Native Range: Native to eastern portions of the Mediterranean Sea region, from the Middle East, to Greece, and Northern Africa.