Ahipa (Pachyrhizus ahipa)

Ahipa (Pachyrhizus ahipa)
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Pachyrhizus ahipa
Pachyrhizus erosus
Pachyrhizus ferrugineus
Pachyrhizus panamensis
Pachyrhizus tuberosus
Ref: ILDIS Version 6.05

Pachyrhizus is a small genus of five or six species of tropical and subtropical plants growing from large, often edible taproots.

The jícama (IPA [ˈhiːkəmə]) or yam bean (P. erosus) is a vine widely grown for its large (10-15 cm diameter and up to 20 kg weight), spherical or elongated taproot. After removal of the thick, fibrous brown skin, the white flesh of the root can be eaten cooked or raw. Crisp, moist, and slightly sweet, the flesh draws comparison with that of the apple.

Goiteño, nupe, jacatupe or Amazonian yam bean (Pachyrhizus tuberosus) is an annual vine that is characterized by a wrapped and herbaceous stem and a ligneous base. It has white and lila flowers, pods grow from 10 to 20 cm in length and beans with a high protein content (32%). Each plant has two or more tubercles from 15 to 25 cm in length that are succulent, sweet and rich in starch and protein (9%). They are consumed both raw and cooked. The leaves (20 to 24% protein) and pods are also edible. This plant prospers in acid soils in South America’s tropical rainforests. It is cultivated by the native peoples of the Amazonia, who practice shifting horticulture.